Adapting to the magnitude of temperature and precipitation changes expected in the Sahel will be challenging for already stressed governments. The agri-food industry accounts for seventy-five percent of employment in the region, making it the basis of the economy. Climate change destabilizes agriculture, altering which crops can succeed. … This economic security threat is exacerbated by recent population growth. Population in the Sahel has experienced an almost five-fold increase over the last sixty years. This growth comes from a variety of factors, including a high birth rate and declining infant mortality rate, worsened by densely populated cities with low rates of education. … Climate-driven crises leave residents vulnerable to exploitation and recruitment by extremist groups. Agriculturists unable to farm are more likely to join extremist organizations in exchange for food and shelter.