Over the past ten years, insurgencies and coups have expanded throughout Africa’s Sahel, and U.S. policy has claimed to acknowledge and confront these interconnections throughout the area, most notably through the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership. However, this endeavor is still insufficient to address the scope and intricacy of the violence as well as the fundamental shortcomings in government. Extremist organizations are still sponsoring, controlling, and using violence in new areas. To mobilize the full force of American and partner resources throughout the area, from Guinea to Sudan, a more coordinated and geographically expanded response is required. We are able to propose four essential enhancements:
1. establish a high-level envoy for the Sahel
2. make U.S. strategy more agile
3. integrate diplomacy, development and defense
4. establish a functional strategy to bolster regionwide coordination