“Weak governance, insecurity, and humanitarian disaster have worsened in the Sahel over the past year, and prospects for lasting peace remain dim. The region has experienced constitutional and military coups, and other turbulent political and social events, and states are struggling with adequate transition to civilian rule. Deaths from violent attacks increased by 20 percent from 2020 to 2021, according to the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project. Climate change and desertification across the region are also exacerbating conflict and ethnic tension. The United Nations recently estimated that at least 36 million Sahelians are expected to be acutely food insecure by this year’s lean season, which could begin as early as March.”