Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Sudan should be able to construct more robust institutions and promote long-term development by implementing a dual economic strategy that emphasizes both domestic economic development and international collaborations to solve the underlying difficulties facing the Sahel area, according to a recently published paper. The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Luskin School of Public Affairs released a paper that makes the case that the four nations ought to work toward moving away from a sole reliance on resource extraction. A significant portion of the difficulties confronting the four nations are ascribed to unviable economic strategies that prioritize the export of raw materials.