“This reintegration evaluation of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative provides an assessment of reintegration outcomes after three years of program implementation, on the eve of the COVID 19 pandemic. It finds that the intervention has been both relevant and effective, with an 84 per cent beneficiary satisfaction rate and substantive evidence of positive outcomes for returnees in recovering their self-respect and re-establishing their livelihoods. The program’s innovative ‘integrated’ approach shows strong results for the combination of economic and psychosocial assistance, however limited budgets and timelines for medical, shelter and education assistance were often insufficient in the face of large-scale needs.”