Judd Devermont and Marielle Harris write in this CSIS Brief that besides violent extremism, internal displacement and hunger are spreading in the Sahel. Not all strategies with a view on development and security match the situation on the ground or are interchangeable. Good governance and a strategy to promote peace processes, including – but cautiously – with militants, are of the essence:

https://www.csis.org/analysis/rethinking-crisis-responses-sahel (web)

https://csis-website-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/publication/201222_Devermont_Rethinking_Near.pdf (PDF)