The main conclusions and policy implications of research conducted in May and June 2023 on the gendered aspects of the climate-conflict nexus and the impact of conflict-induced climate change on gender roles in cross-border conflict systems in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) in the Horn of Africa are presented in a new policy brief by Bodhi Global Analysis. It is becoming increasingly clear that gender norms and roles interact with environmental, social, political, and economic elements to influence people’s and communities’ participation in violent conflict. This is the gendered pathway connecting climate change and intercommunal violence. With rare exceptions, most gender research on the relationship between climate change and conflict, however, focuses only on the effects on women and girls, portraying them as victims rather than change agents. Furthermore, little is known about how gender norms are impacted by the combined effects of war and climate change, as well as what this means for efforts to promote peace and adapt to climate change. The study concentrated on two cross-border conflict systems in the Horn of Africa that are impacted by climate change: the border region between southwest Ethiopia and northwest Kenya, and the Mandera Triangle, which connects Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia.