The report maps the key actors driving violence in the Mopti region (the region of Mali located in the Sahel), including jihadist groups, self-defense militias, and state security defense forces, as well as how external interventionist militant groups supported from abroad contribute to the violence. Additionally, the report highlights the role played by local conflicts over control of and access to land, drawing on specific case studies. It argues that armed groups, and not climate change, are the primary drivers of land-related issues, such as food shortages and population displacement. Finally, the report discusses future scenarios for how climate change may affect and exacerbate conflict over the control of natural resources.