“Higher temperatures, erratic rainfall and desertification devastate the pastoral and nomadic-agriculture systems so critical to countries in the Sahel and Horn of Africa. More than 20 million people in the Sahel are thought to live by raising cattle while more than half the population of Somalia and South Sudan, countries located in the Horn of Africa, are nomadic herders or semi-settled livestock farmers, underlining the huge impact that disruptions to nomadic agriculture have in these regions. Without immediate, sustained action to help people adapt to the new climate reality, these countries will continue to experience high levels of hunger and water shortages in the decades to come.”